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Plant Focus

Quercus peninsularis
A Red Oak (Section Lobatae) endemic to inland ranges of northern Baja California, Mexico

GCCO Mexico and Central America: Advances and Challenges

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Maricela Rodríguez-Acosta and Allen J. Coombes

Published May 2023 in International Oaks No. 34: 117–124


At the end of 2019, Botanic Gardens Conservation International (BGCI) proposed a new initiative to protect trees: Global Conservation Consortia, each focused on a specific group of plants of special interest. To date, eight such Consortia have been created, coordinated by BGCI, with the one for oaks led by the Morton Arboretum.

In 2020, a regional branch of GCCO (Global Conservation Consortium for Oak) was established for Mexico and Central America. The main task has been to develop a network to encourage the efforts of all those working with oaks, including scientists, conservationists, institutions, and other organizations. The network’s objectives are to determine the distribution of threatened oaks, to introduce them into cultivation, and to prevent further reduction in natural populations or their extinction.

Herein we report on the most important achievements of this GCCO regional branch, as well as on how these efforts are benefitting oaks in the wild.


oaks, Quercus, Consortium, BGCI


Carrero, C., D. Jerome, E. Beckman, A. Byrne, A.J. Coombes, M. Deng, A. González- Rodríguez, et al. 2020. The Red List of Oaks 2020. Lisle, IL: The Morton

Martins, A. 2022. “The mystery of Mexico’s vanishing stream oaks.” BBC Future, February, 23. (https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20220222-the-mystery-of-mexicos-vanishing-stream-oaks). In Spanish: “México: el misterio de los robles centenarios de Baja California Sur (y el secreto para salvarlos de la extinción).” BBC News Mundo, February, 11. (https://www.bbc.com/mundo/noticias-60233341).

Nixon, K.C. 2002. The Oak (Quercus) Biodiversity of California and Adjacent Regions. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-184: 3-20.

Rodríguez-Acosta, M., and A.J. Coombes, eds. 2020. Manual de propagación de Quercus: Una guía fácil y rápida para cultivar encinos en México y América Central. Mexico: Jardín Botánico Universitario de la Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla.