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Editor's Picks

quercus_lanuginosa_type_-_copy.jpg
An attempt to settle the matter of this controversial name
Allen Coombes and Roderick Cameron | Aug 16, 2021
The IOS logo in black and white
The story of how the IOS logo came into being
Allen Coombes | Jul 31, 2021
Phylogenetic tree
IOS members Paul Manos (Duke University) and Andrew Hipp (...
Andrew Hipp | Jun 16, 2021

Plant Focus

The Compton oak at Colonial Williamsburg
A natural hybrid between Quercus lyrata (overcup oak) and Q. virginiana (Southern live oak)

Cultivar Registration

The International Oak Society was appointed as International Cultivar Registration Authority (ICRA) for the genus Quercus by the Commission for Nomenclature and Cultivar Registration of the International Society for Horticultural Science (ISHS) in 1998. The ICRA system aims to promote stability in the naming of cultivated plants by promoting lists of authenticated names in a number of important groups of plants which are commonly cultivated.

While the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants  (Shenzen Code) deals with the rules for forming the scientific names of plants, the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants  (ICNCP) primarily deals with the naming of two categories, the cultivar and the Group—i.e., those categories of plants that are recognized and maintained by the activities of humankind.

The primary functions of an ICRA are (a) to register cultivar and Group names in the denomination class for which they have accepted responsibility and to ensure their establishment, (b) to publish full lists of cultivar and Group names in that denomination class, and (c) to maintain records, in as great a detail as is practical, of the origin, characteristics, and history of each cultivar and Group in that denomination class. All ICRAs are contracted to operate within the provisions of the current ICNCP.

It is not the function of an ICRA to (a) conduct trials, (b) judge if one cultivar or Group is more meritorious or useful than another or (c) judge distinctness of cultivars or Groups. ICRAs record cultivar and Group names, not the cultivars or Groups themselves: one does not register a new cultivar with an ICRA, one registers its name.

The "denomination class" is that taxonomic unit in which names (technically, epithets) may not be repeated. In our case, Quercus  L. is taken to include other genera such as Cyclobalanopsis  Oerst. and Cyclobalanus  (Endl.) Oerst. although in some parts of the world these are accepted as separate genera. Thus a cultivar epithet published for a Cyclobalanopsis may not be used in Quercus and vice versa.

The Society accepts applications for cultivar name registrations. The Registration Form may be freely downloaded and saved by anyone. The accompanying notes for guidance are designed to be helpful for those not familiar with what is required in filling in the form and should be read by all potential registrants.

Download the documents here

The online Checklist of oak names is available online at www.oaknames.org. This will list all cultivar and Group names past and present known to the Registrar, along with trade designations known to be used in marketing oaks. An additional feature is the listing of all species names known to be in use, including names for hybrids, along with their recently used synonyms. A comprehensive listing of common names in English is also provided. Under each oak name is a listing of the major horticultural works where further information may be found together with links to other data sets.

You will need Adobe Acrobat Reader on your computer in order to open the files above. If you do not have Acrobat Reader, click here to download a copy.

To find out more about International Cultivar Registration Authorities (ICRAs), click here.